|Austin Underbakke's wood instrument panel (Ed. note--I misplaced the photo legend last issue, so here is what Austin sent us concerning his wood panel.)|
Enclosed is a snapshot of the panel in my Celerity. The wood
facing is Asian Burled Camphor wood. As a matter of fact,
you can still smell the camphor!
The panel, listed left to right: (Sorry! Port to Starboard) is
|Rate of climb
|T & B
|Landing gear indicator
|Engine monitoring system
|Landing gear controls
|Aileron and horiz. stab. trim controls are on joy stick
Andy Campbell's wing leading edge method
Here are pictures of my project taken recently. These show the
leading edge glassing method I use now. It requires no foam or
hotwire, and is considerably cheaper as a result!
are temporarily superglued along the leading edge wing ribs 0, 2,
and 3. These support the paper to follow across the long distance
between the ribs. For ribs mounted closer together, or greater curves
of the paper, these are not necessary.
The next picture shows poster paper (the kind you buy for signs and
crafts at the drugstore (not the foam kind!) taped into place on the
leading edge. This gives sufficient shape to hold the glass. Trim
the paper to the trailing edge of the spar.
Cut garbage bags or thick Mylar, acetate, etc. to fit on the
construction paper. Allow reasonably generous (about a couple
Nip a small triangle out of the plastic where
it crosses the leading edge. This marks it for later. This is a
similar trick that someone would use while matching patterns to
cloth while sewing. Do NOT tape the plastic in place!
plastic and place it on a flat table. Cut glass cloth to fit so it
is aligned 45 degrees from the line between the two nips you cut in
the plastic while it was on the wing. Now just glass right there on
the table to the garbage bag (or whatever you used!). You can work
fast here, since you are not fighting gravity and the thickening
epoxy as you work. No need to coat the plastic before you lay the
cloth...just pour on the epoxy and squeegee it in. Things will fill
in nicely anyway by wicking under the glass fibers, and this is just
the first ply anyhow.
Do only one ply. If you wish, you can glass
a sheet of peel-ply on top, but you'll have to work fast, even with
the slow hardener. Now just take your freshly glassed sheet and
hang it on the construction paper form. Don't bother to tape it. The
equal weight on either side keeps it in place. (Did I mention the
form should be facing upright?)
Now let it cure. The end result
will be a single ply that is reasonably flexible cured in the shape
you need. You can use this single ply as a form for further plies as
you glass the leading edge onto the flight
When finished, just peel it from the construction paper (it's ok to
destroy the paper now) and peel the garbage bag from the fiberglass.
|A finished leading edge and landing gear being fitted to one side.|
|This picture is taken from top of the wing showing the balsa stringers have been removed.|
|Shown above are the completed leading edges for the ailerons. These are ready to glue onto the spar and glass into place with the rest of the aileron glass. The same technique will work on any of the leading edges (elevator, flaps, fin, etc).|
Incidentally, I have constructed a wing stand on wheels as shown in
It uses wheelbarrow wheels, and the stand is constructed so I can
rotate the wing up on either the leading edge or trailing edge.
|The hinged mount for the forward wing spar.|
You can rotate the wing forward (see hinges in the photo) by
removing the bolts from the rear spar mount, or vice versa, to tip the wing the other direction.
A rope and two small stepladders on either side help keep the wing
in position while on edge.
When down on the stand, the wing is easily moved about.
|The hinged mount for the rear spar.|
(Ed. note -- Be sure and secure the wing in whatever position it is
in, particularly if it is in an upright or vertical position,
or it will surely fall to the shop floor at some point and
get damaged! It is fairly common to learn that builders have
suffered damage to their project due to carelessness.
The same goes for protection from other things falling onto or
against your project. I've had an eight foot pipe clamp that was
carelessly leaning against a poor support fall against a finished
and painted fuselage, causing damage that was difficult to repair.)
|This shows how the stand is built to clear rib 0 on either side as you rotate the wing onto an edge.|
|Leading edge ribs for flaps|
Leading edge cuffs fit close, reduce drag
Ed. note: Although these are not specified in your plans set,
you builders will probably want to install gap seals for your
control surfaces by continuing the wing skin [or stabilizer skin]
aft towards the movable flap spar, or aileron spar, or elevator
or rudder spar, whatever the case may be. Gap seals will reduce
airframe drag and thus should add in incremental increase in
your airspeed, while adding very little extra weight.
Please note that the gap seal for the aileron along the top of
the wing will need relief to allow for "up aileron" movement.
Therefore it can't extend quite as far aft as the flap gap seal.
Otherwise the wings' gap seal can be continuous from aileron to flap,
along the length of the wing.
A good way to make these gap seals or
fillers is to use balsa wood as a core. Cut and shape it as needed
(wedge-shaped cross section), glue it permanently to the spar and
extend your fiberglass over it when you put the final skin on the
airfoil. You could also use foam for the core, but I prefer balsa
wood in this case. It is a little more substantial material to
work with, since any long thin piece of foam is too easy to break
during handling. Ed.
More hints from Andy in our next newsletter!
More hints and photos from Andy Campbell will appear in our next
issue. Unfortunately, when I was traveling this summer I was
unable to meet up with Andy in person to write an article
on his project. However, Andy graciously provided many photos
and a writeup of his own, which I have used almost verbatim.
Luckily he sent more material than I can use in this one newsletter
issue, so we are happy to use the rest of his helpful hints in our
The wing detaches, so why not the tail?
To Andy, this seemed like a natural question. Especially since you
might either have limited shop space, or you may have a need to detach
the horizontal or vertical stabilizer at a later date for some other
reason. The answer of course is to make these surfaces removable,
and our next issue will outline how Andy has accomplished this on
his project. If you are interested in this as a construction or a
retrofit for your project, be sure and watch for it in our next issue.
Until then, build and fly safely!
Who is your supplier?
In our last issue we mentioned that the locking, machined aluminum
fuel caps Gary Rene used on his Celerity project were from Wicks
Aircraft Supply. I subsequently received a friendly call from
Aircraft Spruce and Specialty Company reminding me that they also
sell this same part, listed in their catalog and also available
on their Web site. (By the way, I was glad to see they read
this newsletter!) Actually, almost everything you need to build
either the Celerity or Marathon airplane design is available
from Aircraft Spruce and Wicks Aircraft.
Both companies have our
materials lists, so you can buy materials "kits" for your airplane
without having to do your own parts counts from the plans that
we furnish. And both companies have excellent reputations for
service, quality, and dependability. I would not hesitate in any
way to recommend Wicks OR Aircraft Spruce to any of our builders.
They each know what you need for your project, and my experiences
have been very positive with both of these suppliers.
We will be using the following Tucson address in the future,
whether we are traveling or not. Period.
(Comment -- We still LOVE to travel! Ed.) Please note new address for your
records: MIRAGE AIRCRAFT, INC. 8702 N Silver Moon Way Tucson, AZ 85743
Phone (unchanged) (520) 240-0041 Email (unchanged) firstname.lastname@example.org 1